It is reasonable to expect the work of developing a successful architecture is rewarded.
But we’re all online now. Info is instantly shared.
No developer can successfully deploy as fast as nation state scale building and research programes. (especially not a lone househusband)
Yes we all want to do well for ourselves and our families… But the sooner we realise the world being a shared resource the better.
Successful beneficial IP can be made to have compulsory licensing.
As for university research, it is very dependent on the experience of the student and teacher. Experience doesn’t often come cheap or easy.