Following SuperTurbine (tm) and Serpentine, and other torque transfer systems, and also in possible relation with Wind as a resource for awesystems .
Some niches could occur where there is smog but also where the wind is available at still accessible height. Indeed in some places solar panels don’t work well due to the pollution.
Some example on (French language)
http://geoconfluences.ens-lyon.fr/actualites/veille/breves/chine-smog-photovoltaique or (English language)
After all if Europe buys Chinese solar panels, China might well buy European AWES…