The most commonly explored AWES method is the Pumping or Yo-Yo kite.
Tight kite line is unspooled from a drum to turn a generator on the ground.
This generates power until the kite line reaches a length limit.
Then the kite flys back to the start while the line is spooled back onto the drum.
Guangdong High-Altitude Wind Power Technology, LTD (using umbrellas or parachutes)
Published 21/1/2019 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320041857_Optimum_Experimental_Design_of_a_Rigid_Wing_AWE_Pumping_System
Optimum Experimental Design of a Rigid Wing AWE Pumping System
Giovanni Licitra , Adrian B ¨urger , Paul Williams , Richard Ruiterkamp and Moritz Diehl
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